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HEALTH & NUTRITION  / LIFESTYLE

3 Incredible Health Benefits of Apples

Posted On October 18, 2016

Did you know there are more than 2,500 varieties of apples grown in the U.S and more than 7,500 varieties of apples grown around the world?! The varieties of apples range from tender to crisp and sweet to tart. October is National Apple Month which makes sense as it’s when most apples are in season and apple picking is the perfect fall activity. Not only are they delicious, apples provide essential vitamins, minerals, and fiber that help to protect from chronic diseases. Before you read any further, go ahead fix yourself a warm cup of apple cider and light an apple cinnamon scented candle. Done? Good, now read on to learn about the many health benefits of apples.

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Boost Your Immune System: We’ve all heard the saying, an apple a day keeps the doctor away. Did you ever wonder why that is? What’s so special about apples that they can actually help boost your immune system? According to Reader’s Digest Best Health, “red apples contain an antioxidant called quercetin. Recent studies have found that quercetin can help boost and fortify your immune system, especially when you’re stressed out.”

Aid in Weight Loss: Apples not only can satisfy a sweet tooth, but they also help satisfy hunger. EatingWellshared that “Florida State University researchers think apples’ antioxidants and pectin (a type of fiber) are responsible for the benefits—and think that fresh apples would be even more effective.” If you’re trying to lose weight, grab an apple for an afternoon or late night snack instead of junk food and opt for no sugar added apple juice in the place of soda.

Prevent Heart Attacks and High Cholesterol: Of course, nothing is a 100% guarantee to prevent things such as heart attacks, there are measures you can take to help decrease your odds. Any decrease in chances is enough for us to give it a try! Prevention reports that researchers at The Ohio State University did a study on 51 healthy people giving a third of the group an apple a day, another third a supplement derived from apples, and the last group was given a placebo. The results were undeniable. “Eating an apple a day lowered blood oxidation of LDL (or “bad” cholesterol) in the blood by 40% compared to people on the placebo. Supplement users also had lower levels, but not as significant as apple eaters. And lowering LDL is key, of course, because high levels can lead to atherosclerosis, a hardening of the arteries that can cause heart attack or stroke.”

With over 7,500 types of apples in the world, there are many varieties to choose from. Tell us what your favorite type of apple is in the comments below!  APPLE, HEALTH, HEALTH AND NUTRITION, HEART HEALTH, NATIONAL APPLE MONTH
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Ashley PurnellHealth & Nutrition Social Media Community Manager
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Looks like an apple a day  really IS a good idea!   Lucky for us, 'tis the season!!

My first reaction to hearing that the AMA had voted to classify obesity as a disease last month was a positive one. That was until I heard the excited comments from those who will profit most from the increased use (and payment for) bariatric surgery and weight loss drugs. Right away these individuals and organizations began campaigns to gain more reimbursement for their treatments of this newfound disease. My concern is that pushing the same old overpriced treatments on patients is more likely to benefit the wallets of surgeon’s and pharmaceutical companies than the health of Americans. There must be a better way to deal with this newly labeled disease called obesity. 


Unfortunately, obesity is a nebulous diagnosis that is most often defined by body mass index (BMI), which is simply one’s body weight divided by the square of their height. This measure does not take into account a person’s body composition and therefore extra muscle will raise BMI in a similar fashion to extra fat. Using BMI as a measure of obesity labels more than one third of Americans and 56% of NFL football players with a chronic disease! This hardly makes sense and it is a stretch to think that assigning such a label is going to improve health outcomes when it is widely acknowledged that using BMI as the gauge for obesity is fraught with error. If obesity is now a disease, clearly we need a better way to diagnose it. 


More concerning to me is the fact that there are currently only three funded medical treatments for obesity; bariatric surgery, weight loss drugs and nutritional counseling. It is interesting to note that the most expensive obesity treatment by far (bariatric surgery), is also by far the one most often covered by health insurance. Is stapling the stomachs of obese Americans really the best way to spend our healthcare dollars? I certainly don’t think so and given the proven effect of exercise in preventing obesity and more importantly mitigating its harmful effects, why is it not funded as a medical treatment at all? 


The problem lies in the fact that the American healthcare systems answer to dealing with most any disease is to prescribe a pill or a procedure. As a physician, I have seen first-hand the limited utility of weight loss pills and surgery – while they may help in the short run, the long-term effects are rarely significant. I have also observed the utter failure of the public health messaging around obesity over the past 20-some years. Efforts to inform the public just how fat they are, blaming the food companies, or pushing short-term feel-good solutions like bans and taxes have gotten us nowhere. 


And there is another important factor to consider. At this year’s (and past) ACSM Annual Meeting, there were compelling state-of-the-evidence presentations on the “Obesity Paradox” and the ongoing debate about the importance of “Fitness vs. Fatness”. It is becoming increasingly clear that the best way to combat the harmful health effects of obesity is to get these patients to be more active, rather than just getting them to lose weight. Exercise is medicine for obese patients and getting more active is a much more positive and easily achieved goal than losing weight. Let’s face it, while not everyone can lose weight, almost everyone can go for a walk. I believe we have got to shift the public health focus off of obesity and on to physical activity. We must give Americans permission to be fat and still be healthy. This is possible and the way to do it is by getting them more active and whether or not they lose weight may not be that important. 


Now there could be some positive effects from this new disease label for obesity. Perhaps it will open up doors to introduce more teaching about exercise and diet in medical school, since these are the major determinants of obesity. If obesity really is a disease affecting more than a third of the population with another third being pre-obese (or overweight), shouldn’t this disease be a prime target for medical school teaching? I would certainly think so. Another positive effect of this move could be reimbursement for exercise prescription and nutrition counseling. Currently, physicians are not able to get reimbursed for counseling in this area, certainly not to the degree they are paid for performing bariatric surgery or prescribing weight-loss drugs. 


So I hope that all ACSM members will use this AMA announcement as an impetus to become stronger advocates for the best treatment we have for this new-found disease called obesity -- Exercise! There are few others around the world who are better positioned to advocate this message. Unfortunately, no “Big Pharma” or device company funding exists to lobby for exercise as the primary treatment for obesity and to push public health messaging away from just weight loss and toward increasing physical activity. Exercise is the best medicine for an overweight and obese America and we need to ensure everyone knows it. We are the “Big Pharma” reps for exercise!

By Robert Sallis, M.D.


Robert E. Sallis, M.D., FACSM, is a past president of ACSM and chair of the Exercise is Medicine Task Force. He originated the EIM concept and has been its leading advocate from the beginning. Dr. Sallis earned an M.D. from Texas A&M University and completed his residency in family medicine at Kaiser Permanente Medical Center in Fontana, CA. He has continued his medical career with Kaiser and now co-directs their sports medicine fellowship training program. Dr. Sallis is the founding editor-in-chief of ACSM's Current Sports Medicine Reports journal. Exercise Is Medicine was launched in partnership with the AMA, and continues to work with AMA to find solutions to the obesity epidemic. 


Viewpoints presented in SMB commentaries reflect author opinions and not necessarily the positions or policies of ACSM. 

Active Voice: The AMA Says Obesity is a Disease; Now We Need to Inform Them How to Best Treat It

Trying to Lose weight? Ditch Calorie-Rich Rewards After Exercise 

Reuters 

If you're spending more time running, walking or pumping iron in the gym and still not losing weight, fitness experts say it could be due to too big a reward for still too little exercise. 


Although fitness has indisputable health benefits, it takes a lot of walking or running to burn off the calories in a donut. 


"There's a war between exercise and nutrition in our heads," said American Council on Exercise spokesperson Jonathan Ross. "People tend to overestimate the amount of physical activity they get. They work out a little bit and treat themselves a lot." 


A report by the University of Washington's Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation showed that although Americans say they are more active, it has not made much of a dent in the obesity epidemic that affects more than one-third of U.S. adults. 


MY THOUGHTS ON THIS....

Sooooo....hot fudge sundaes after you work out may not be the best choice!   Or even that Ice Cap made with cream...and definitely no trips to Paula's Donuts !   I tell my students, "As hard as you just worked out, and as sweaty as you may be, you just worked off a twinkie, don't blow it by having a Big Mac!"   Sheila